Maltese Cross (The State of Minnesota has not adopted any educational and training standards for unlicensed Complementary and Alternative Health Care Practitioners. This statement of credentials is for informational purposes only.)

Complementary and Alternative Medicine falls into one of three categories:

  • Professionally organized alternative therapies. They comprise of the "Big 5" therapies namely acupuncture, chiropractic, herbal medicine, homeopathy and osteopathy. These disciplines were considered as presenting evidence of an "individual diagnostic approach".
  • Those that made no diagnostic claims and were considered to complement mainstream approaches. These were: Alexander Technique, aromatherapy, Bach and other flower remedies, body work therapies including massage, counseling stress therapy, hypnotherapy, meditation, reflexology, Shiatsu, healing, Maharishi ayurvedic medicine, nutritional medicine, and yoga
  • Alternative disciplines. These disciplines are those which purport to offer diagnostic information as well as treatment but favor a philosophical approach and are indifferent to the principles of conventional medicine. [i]

A brief discussion of consent for treatment (onsite) may be found here: Consent. And all our clients are free to seek help from other Local Agencies at any time. The right to refuse treatment, or seek consent for your own treatment plan, is also described here as an alternative approach to working with practitioners who may describe us as dealing with 'a hopeless condition', and illustrates how irrational we may become while working within a system that believes we are.


1. Choong, Kartina Aisha and Duckworth, Jean Ellen (8th of May, 2015): The Regulation of Alternative and Complementary Medicine